In discussions of the relationship between former president Jimmy
Carter and the shah of Iran, some (conservative) writers have alleged
that Carter's failure to support the shah led to the success of the
Iranian revolution and thereby "betrayed" the United States. Others
(leftists) have alleged that Carter gave unstinting support to the
shah, notwithstanding Iran's horrific human rights record and the
Carter administration's public professions of concern for human
rights. I'd like to know how to evaluate these claims. Specifically:
*What support did the Carter adminstration provide to the Shah's
regime terms of and financial and mililtary assistance?
*What public manifestations of support did the Carter administration
provide (speeches, state visits, etc.)?
*What pressure did the Carter administration exert on the Shah to
improve his human rights record?
*Was any aid actually withheld? Did U.S. support for the Shah's regime
increase or decline under Carter?