Oil & gas mineral, royalty & overriding royalty interests – Business and FinanceReport
what are oil & gas mineral, royalty & overriding royalty interests?
Oil and gas minerals, royalties and overriding royalties are similar in that they all receive revenues from the production of oil and gas from a well, and they do not pay for the drilling or monthly operating expenses of the well. Often you will see the term “royalties” used interchangeably to mean either mineral interests, royalty interests or overriding royalty interests. However, there is a slight difference between minerals and royalties, and there is an even greater difference between overriding royalties and both minerals and royalties.
Mineral interests and royalty interests are similar in that both involve ownership of minerals under the ground. They both receive a portion of the income from the production of oil and gas. The main difference is that the owner of a mineral interest also has the right to execute leases and collect bonus payments, and the owner of royalty interests does not execute leases or collect bonus payments. Both mineral and royalty owners receive income once the well is producing, but only the mineral owner receives the up-front bonus payment.